Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters

Description

Lay out, assemble, install, or maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, or related hydraulic or pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, or industrial production or processing systems.

Tasks

  • Plan pipe system layout, installation, or repair, according to specifications.
  • Inspect, examine, or test installed systems or pipe lines, using pressure gauge, hydrostatic testing, observation, or other methods.
  • Select pipe sizes, types, or related materials, such as supports, hangers, or hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications.
  • Measure and mark pipes for cutting or threading.
  • Attach pipes to walls, structures, or fixtures, such as radiators or tanks, using brackets, clamps, tools, or welding equipment.
  • Assemble or secure pipes, tubes, fittings, or related equipment, according to specifications, by welding, brazing, cementing, soldering, or threading joints.
  • Lay out full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, and related equipment, following blueprints.
  • Turn valves to shut off steam, water, or other gases or liquids from pipe sections, using valve keys or wrenches.
  • Cut, thread, or hammer pipes to specifications, using tools such as saws, cutting torches, pipe threaders, or pipe benders.
  • Remove and replace worn components.
  • Install automatic controls used to regulate pipe systems.
  • Modify, clean, and maintain pipe systems, units, fittings, and related machines and equipment, following specifications and using hand and power tools.
  • Cut or bore holes in structures, such as bulkheads, decks, walls, or mains, prior to pipe installation, using hand or power tools.
  • Inspect work sites for obstructions and to ensure that holes will not cause structural weakness.
  • Operate motorized pumps to remove water from flooded manholes, basements, or facility floors.
  • Prepare cost estimates for clients.
  • Dip nonferrous piping materials in a mixture of molten tin and lead to obtain a coating that prevents erosion or galvanic or electrolytic action.
  • Install fixtures, appliances, or equipment designed to reduce water or energy consumption.
  • Install or test gray water systems, such as recycling, treatment, or irrigation systems.
  • Install pipe systems to support alternative energy-fueled systems, such as geothermal heating and cooling systems.

Skills

Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
Science
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Programming
Writing computer programs for various purposes.

Abilities

Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

Interests

Realistic
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Investigative
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Enterprising
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Artistic
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Work Style

Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Independence
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Self Control
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Initiative
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Stress Tolerance
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Innovation
Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Work Values

Support
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Relationships
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Independence
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Working Conditions
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Achievement
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Recognition
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Lay Titles

Air Conditioning Installer
Aircraft Hydraulic Equipment Mechanic
Aircraft Plumbing and Hydraulic Mechanic
Coppersmith
Coppersmith Apprentice
Corrosion Control Fitter
Diesel Engine Pipe Fitter
Equipment Service Associate (ESA)
Fire Control System Installer
Fire Hydrant Mechanic
Fire Sprinkler Installer
Fitter
Gas Fitter
Gas Fitter Apprentice
Gas Line Installer
Gas Line Repairer
Gas Line Servicer
Gas Main Fitter
Gas or Water Meter Installer
Gas Pipe Layer
Gas Plumber
Heating Unit Installer
Hydrant Setter
Hydraulic Plumber
Industrial Gas Fitter
Instrument Fitter
Irrigation System Installer
Irrigation Technician
Journeyman Pipe Fitter
Locomotive Pipe Fitter
Machine Repairman
Manhole and Underground Steamline Inspector
Marine Pipefitter
Marine Plumber
Marine Steam Fitter
Meter Setter
Millwright
Pipe Fitter
Pipe Fitter Apprentice
Pipe or Steam Fitter Furnace Installer
Piping Designer
Plumber
Plumber and Tinner
Plumbing Installer
Plumbing Technician
Service Technician
Sprinkler Fitter
Sprinkler Installer
Sprinkling System Installer
Steam Fitter
Steam Heating Installer
Steam Pipe Fitter
Steam Service Inspector
Steam Trap Man
Steam Trap Worker
Steamfitter
Steamfitter Apprentice
Water Hydrant Installer
Water Mechanic
Water Meter Installer
Water Pipe Installer
Water Regulator and Valve Repairer
Welder

National Wages and Employment Info

Median Wages (2008):
$23.62 hourly, $49,140 annual.
Employment (2008):
340,370 employees